Use of science and technology to prevent road accidents

Smart Road

As the use of transportation grows, so does the need of safety. Driver mistake is responsible for 90% of all accidents. So we can make our vehicles smarter than ever before in order to handle tough traffic circumstances, assisting the driver in avoiding potentially harmful scenarios. When it comes to safety and technology, they are inextricably linked.
Warning systems and driver awareness support are examples of today's Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS). When something goes wrong, the motorist is usually simply warned. The next stage in car safety is to improve the intelligence of the vehicle, such as by designing automobiles that can assist the driver in avoiding a collision.

  • Autonomous driving

  • The car industry has long been focused on the development of proactive active safety technologies like traction control and braking aid programmes. Automakers, on the other hand, have gone far further in developing technology that lets automobiles to operate without any input from the driver. The term "autonomous driving" refers to a vehicle's ability to control its own acceleration, braking, and steering.

  • Active steering

  • Lane Keeping Support, which is available today, alerts the driver when the car is likely to swerve into another lane. Researchers are currently exploring towards having the vehicles assist the driver in avoiding lane change collisions by providing complete lateral support.

  • Automated queue assistance

  • Automated queue assistance was created to relieve drivers of the tiresome effort of driving in slow-moving lines. The car will be able to stay in its lane and maintain a safe distance from oncoming traffic.

  • Intelligent cooperative systems

  • Intelligent Cooperative Systems include both vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication. Information on traffic, speeds, positions, accidents, and other factors will be transferred automatically between vehicles and infrastructure, resulting in improved road safety, reduced congestion, and more predictable travel times, among other benefits.

  • Road friction technology

  • According to studies, there is a link between accidents and slick road conditions. Various technologies are being investigated to help prevent this, including optical sensors that monitor wavelengths reflected off the road in front of the wheel.

  • Collision mitigation

  • When there is a risk of colliding with a vehicle in front, a collision mitigation system notifies the driver using audible and visual signals. When a collision is imminent, it will also engage the brakes on its own. Of course, the goal is to avoid or at the very least lessen the accident.

  • Unprotected road users

  • The vehicle will be able to detect unprotected road users such as cyclists and pedestrians using sensors. This is critical while turning right in a left-hand-drive car, for example, because the driver may struggle to see objects or persons on the right-hand side.
    A two-way communication system that pinpoints the vicinity of a linked car and a cyclist's smartphone app using GPS exists to inform both a driver and a cyclist when they are in risk of collision with each other. The driver will be notified via the dashboard, and a red warning light will flash in the cyclist's helmet, indicating that they should slow down even before seeing the car.

Posted By InnoTechzz